Curriculum vitae is a written document that contains the personal data, academic training, and work experience of a person to be presented to a company or body that needs to fill a vacant position.

What is a curriculum vitae?

A curriculum vitae or CV is a written document that contains the personal data, academic training, and work experience of a person to be presented to a company or body that needs to fill a vacant position.

The objective of a CV is to make a good impression, awakening the interest of the potential employer to get a job interview that results in obtaining the job.

Characteristics of a curriculum vitae

A good resume should have several characteristics:

  • Easy to read: the text of the document must be understandable, with clear typography, spaced paragraphs, without ornaments that make it difficult for the potential contractor to read. Spelling mistakes and the CV being too long should be avoided: more does not always mean better.
  • Homogeneous structure: In the same sense, the information must be structured in precise sections: personal data, work experience, etc. Likewise, within each section, they must respect a similar format in the presentation of the data (dates, addresses, among others).
  • Complete: it must contain all the information necessary for the type of work to be achieved. This does not mean that irrelevant data should be included, such as taking a cooking course when the position to be filled is that of a law firm.
  • Good design: the graphic structure (profile image, colors, sheet weight in case of physical presentation, etc.) must be pleasant, well designed since it is the first visual contact that will be made on the CV.
  • Verifiable content: the content of the document must be credible, without exaggerations or lies when it comes to being presented. The curriculum vitae must reflect the potential that the candidate has to contribute to the company based on real and verifiable facts.

Structure of a curriculum vitae

Among the most important information to include in a CV are:

  • Names and surnames.
  • Document national identity.
  • Date and place of birth.
  • Civil status.
  • Home
  • Landline or mobile phone.
  • Email.
  • Academic training (studies carried out to date starting with the most recent).
  • Languages ​​that are mastered and the current level of each one.
  • Work experience, professional (indicating start and end date, chronologically ordered from the most current to the oldest).
  • Personal References – Recommendations from previous employers are important to the hiring company. They must include a contact telephone number.

Types of curriculum vitae

The most commonly used CV types are:

  • Chronological curriculum vitae: is that document where, after personal data, the candidate’s work experience is detailed ordered by dates. In this presentation format, you start with the oldest work experiences and go to the most recent. It is generally used when the candidate for the position does not have enough experience.
  • Reverse chronological curriculum vitae: it is the most used. It is similar to the previous one except that the chronology of the works is ordered from the most recent to the oldest. This presentation structure allows the interviewer to quickly read the candidate’s latest experiences, which are usually the most important when hiring.
  • Functional curriculum vitae: in this CV, work experiences are classified according to the type of work performed. For example, under the type “project coordinator” you can detail all the experiences you have in this field (project xx of company xx from March to December of year xxx).
  • Mixed CV: in this format, the chronological CV and the functional CV are combined. It is one of the most recommended.
  • Creative Curriculum vitae: they are highly valued in companies where there is a high degree of competitiveness that values ​​the creative spirit of the candidate. In addition to the visual design of the document, the written way of presenting yourself becomes important. Along with work and academic experience, the candidate’s hobbies and areas in which they would like to develop are often discussed.
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