A quality control plan is a document that specifies exactly the procedures, resources, and processes that have to be applied, as well as, at what exact moment it should be done, in addition to defining who is responsible for executing it. This ensures compliance with the requirements and their implementation.

More specifically, a quality control plan should also show the points, stages, and moments that must be met during and after the product manufacturing process. Having that plan document approved before production begins is an essential pre-step.

It is an open document that outlines the procedures to be developed for quality control. Likewise, the contributions and delivery of resulting products that meet or satisfy customer requirements. You must also specify the measurements, inspections, and control system and their location over time, in order to control the parts that makeup products and processes.


What benefits does a quality control plan provide?

When you run a business, and especially one that has to do with manufacturing, almost the most important thing is to implement quality control procedures throughout the process and in all its parts.

Among the benefits of a quality control plan are the following:

  • Promote quality awareness in employees: One of the biggest benefits is the impact that quality control has on them. When they know the importance of it and that it will also be monitored, it generates benefits for both employees and the company.
  • Effective use of resources: The available resources you have should be used, but in an effective way so that you do not lose anything and you do not have to worry about the budget.
  • Low inspection costs: A quality control plan helps reduce control costs because you have a better and more reliable idea of ​​the processes that allow you to manufacture products without error.
  • Customer satisfaction: Using instruments and tests to monitor processes not only ensures that their products comply with what is required, but that your customers will not be disappointed. The better the quality of their products, the happier the customer will be.
  • Increased assurance: Applying procedures for better quality control can really boost the assurance of your employees because they feel that they are creating high-quality products for the market.
  • Improve production methods: Collecting the correct data from the manufacturing process is possible to improve production and choose the best equipment that achieves product quality, performance, and operation efficiency.
  • Product uniformity: It is necessary to ensure that each resulting product meets the same high-quality standard. Otherwise, customers would react and turn their backs on the company.

How to improve quality control planning?

Determine the dates on which the measurements will be made at the critical or key points of the process. Assign a high priority to control those cases that if they fail will have a great impact on your programming. Therefore, you should anticipate if one fails, you have enough space to relocate it and it is not too late to handle the problem.

Track the time spent applying the test to better predict future workload. If you know the estimated effort and track the time spent on measuring the test, you can calculate the effort that it will take automatically when the time comes to apply the test measurement again.

Use goals or milestones to measure progress and keep promoters on track and connected to what’s going on. Avoid meeting for very long periods, on the contrary, use milestones to keep meetings short and focus on the specific point.

With the previous information, you have all the data on one page. For example, the number of tests you applied, what failed and where and when they were relocated, and how many measurements or tests remain to be applied. All this with the idea of ​​achieving total quality control.


Aspects to consider when creating a quality control plan

The quality control plan seeks the manufacture of quality products according to customer requirements. Below are some aspects that you should consider when planning quality control.

  • Inputs and products of the process.
  • Product measurements and specifications.
  • Reporting frequency and sampling method.
  • The processes involved.
  • Information record.
  • Corrective actions.
  • Report.

What should a quality control plan include?

In a quality control plan, you must use some basic tools, such as histograms, flow charts, checklists, charts, and a Pareto chart, among others. You must include the following information in the plan:

  • Goals and objectives: must contain the product specifications. Its use, its aesthetics, cycle time, materials, and costs.
  • The steps or stages of the process or procedures.
  • Distribution of responsibilities. Who does, what, and when?
  • Standards. What are the practices and procedures that need to be applied?
  • Requirements for the tests. When will these take place? Who will do it and where?
  • Changes and modifications in the procedure. It will give you the way to track changes in the project or process.
  • Measurement or analysis of process quality. It is a way of measuring the value of the document and the quality itself.
  • Other actions that are required to achieve the objectives.

Finally:

Nowadays quality is not optional, it is a requirement to survive in the face of stiff market competition.

A properly applied quality control plan protects the project, the product, the customer, and the manufacturing contract or supplier because it establishes all the written expectations in advance.

When a company has a well-founded and elaborated quality control plan, it can identify the origin of the quality problem, if it exists, and from that knowledge, work to guarantee that the products resulting from the project and the working conditions in generally meet the agreed quality requirements.

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