The scientific method is a research process, which is used in the development of scientific knowledge, which complies with measurement and empirical criteria, the fundamental bases, and the execution of different reasoning tests.
This means this method is based on an analysis mechanism that supports the understanding of scientific experiences of which they are not. Through its application, various investigations are carried out, where knowledge is produced that leads to different advances in science.
It is a method that can be defined as an abstraction of various activities, which allows researchers to explain the material and cognitive processes that can develop new knowledge.
Characteristics of the scientific method
This method comprises a series of essential characteristics, such as the following:
Principles of the scientific method
Among the fundamental principles of this process are the following:
This principle focuses on the scientific statement supported in a specific experiment that can be false or refuted through an experimental counterexample, which proves that it does not have a universal theoretical interpretation.
In case the theory cannot be refuted by means of the counterexample, the affirmation will be accepted but verified since the theories are not totally real.
It is based on the repetition of a specific experiment, which is carried out by any person in a controlled way in order to obtain the same results. In this way, the verification and its universal verification by the scientific community can be scientifically affirmed.
How an investigation is carried out
It is generally understood that the main objective of the scientific method is the key to projecting an exact modality in order to obtain the reality of the phenomenon to be studied.
The scientific research process is developed by different questions, which is key to improving the phenomenon to be investigated.
From the beginning to a scientific process, there is no strategy since it can be based on personal experience in a specific matter, an analysis of scientific news or magazine, an unsolved problem, or for simple interest to solve some factor in life every day.
What are the steps of the scientific method
This method must carefully follow specific steps that guarantee good scientific results since its basis is based mainly on empirically verifiable evidence. One way to do this when conducting research is to follow each of the following steps:
The scientific method is the experimentation procedure used to investigate observations and, in turn, obtain answers to possible questions. However, not all scientists or researchers use this type of methodology.
Today there are different versions of research depending on the objective you want to study. Although the version can be modified, its purpose remains the same in order to discover the relationship that causes and effect allows, investigate evidence, ask questions, and realize if the information collected can be verified.